As fears mount over the quality and accessibility of meals in towns, urban agriculture is a concrete solution to give people more choices, especially when helping to address greenhouse gases emissions from integrated agriculture. With more than eighty percent of American population living at metropolitan centers, urban agriculture has the capability to dramatically build healthier communities, enhance economic growth, and increase food quality.  The significance of urban agriculture has been increasingly recognized by international organizations like UNCHS (Habitat), UNCED (Agenda 21), FAO and CGIAR.

Urban Agriculture

Urban Agriculture

  1. Food nutrition and security: The influence of urban agriculture for healthy nutrition and food security is probably its vital asset. However, Food production at the town is in many circumstances an unrealistic thing due to unreliable, inadequate and unbalanced access to food, as well as the lack of acquiring power.
  2. Economic impacts: Cultivating your own foodstuff saves household expenses on food, deprived people in poor nations generally spend a considerable part of their salary (50 – 60%) on food. Cultivating the relatively costly vegetables therefore saves cash as well as in trading of produce. Selling the products (processed or fresh) brings the cash in.
  3. Social impacts: The Metropolitan agriculture may act as an important policy for social integration and poverty alleviation. Moreover, urban farms may have an important role at providing recreational prospects for citizens (visiting facilities, food buying and banquets on the farm, recreational routes) or having learning functions (bringing students in contact with wildlife, teaching about biology, etc.).
  4. Contributions to urban agriculture: Urban farming is a part of urban ecological system which can play a significant role in urban environmental managing system. Urban agriculture might also positively impact on the cleaning and greening of the town in many ways. This can be achieved by turning the derelict open places into green zones as well as maintaining buffer & reserve zones, with positive effects on micro-climate (temperature, shade, sequestration of CO2).
  5. Commercial Growth: The financial benefits recognized through urban agriculture are localized, therefore keeping dollars flowing through the community. Those urban agriculture farms also ensure a great return on investment by every 1 dollar invested in a garden generating 6 dollar worth of vegetables.

    Urban Agriculture

    Urban Agriculture

  6. Health and Food Quality: Studies have proved that exercise, nutrition, physical and mental health are all improved with urban farms. It solves the direct problems of poor nutrition and food insecurity. Gardening is also a great workout that improves health while decreasing heart disease, risk of obesity, and diabetes. Cultivation has significant influence on mental health- helping with social skills, stress reduction and self-esteem improvement.
  7. Transporting It Home: The influence of urban farming on families and local communities is undeniable. While the activity gains traction at cities across the nation, the potential for decreasing our food related emanations continues growing, while to helping improve the social & economic dynamics of urban agriculture.

By coupling two sources of investment, i.e. social investment and the prevailing built environment, urban cultivation uses the characteristic strengths of cities for solving some of the most serious problems.